Elbow

Normal Anatomy of the Elbow

How does the Elbow joint work?

The arm in the human body is made up of three bones that join together to form a hinge joint called the elbow. The upper arm bone or humerus connects from the shoulder to the elbow forming the top of the hinge joint. The lower arm or forearm consists of two bones, the radius and the ulna. These bones connect the wrist to the elbow forming the bottom portion of the hinge joint.

Find out more in this web based movie

Conditions

Elbow Arthritis

Elbows, although are not the weight-bearing joints, they are considered to be most important for functioning of upper limbs and even a minor trauma or disease condition affecting elbow may be painful and limit the movements of upper limbs.

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Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow is a common name for the elbow condition lateral epicondylitis. It is an overuse injury that causes inflammation of the tendons that attach to the bony prominence outside the elbow. It is a painful condition resulting from repeated muscle contractions in the forearm that leads to inflammation and microtears in the tendons that attach to the lateral epicondyle. The lateral epicondyle is a bony prominence that is felt on the outside of the elbow and the condition is more common in sports individuals playing tennis.

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Cubital Tunnel Syndrome

Cubital tunnel release surgery is a surgery to correct the cubital tunnel syndrome. Cubital tunnel syndrome, also called ulnar nerve entrapment, is a condition caused by compression of the ulnar nerve in an area of the elbow known as cubital tunnel. The ulnar nerve travels down the back of the elbow behind a bony bump called medial epicondyle and through a passageway called cubital tunnel.

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Elbow Stiffness

Elbow contracture refers to a stiff elbow or stiffness with limited range of motion. It is a common complication following elbow surgery, fractures, dislocations, and burns.

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Elbow Fracture & Dislocation

Three bones—humerus, radius, and ulna—make up the elbow joint. The bones are held together by ligaments thus providing stability to the joint. Muscles and tendons around the bones coordinate the movements and help in performing various activities. Elbow fractures may occur from trauma resulting from a variety of reasons, some of them being a fall on an outstretched arm, a direct blow to the elbow, or an abnormal twist to the joint beyond its functional limit.

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Procedures

Elbow Arthroscopy

Elbow is the joint that connects the upper arm bone and the forearm bones. Elbow joint helps in moving of the arms forward, backward, as well as to twist the arms inside and outside.

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Biceps Tendon Repair

The biceps muscle, located in the front of the upper arm allows you to bend the elbow and rotate the arm. Biceps tendons attach the biceps muscle to the bones in the shoulder and in the elbow.

Biceps tear can be complete or partial. Partial biceps tendon tears will not completely break the tendon. But, complete tendon tears will break the tendon into two parts.

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Total Elbow Replacement

Elbows, although are not the weight-bearing joints, they are considered to be most important for functioning of upper limbs and even a minor trauma or disease condition affecting elbow may be painful and limit the movements of upper limbs.

For more information about Total Elbow Replacement, click on below tab.

Click on the topics below to find out more from the orthopedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons.

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